• New housing supply estimated at 1,93,600 units by 2018 end; an annual increase of 32%
  • Housing sales in 2018 estimated at 2,45,500 units; an annual increase of 16%
  • NBFC crisis holds sector at gunpoint as 2019 begins

Anuj Puri, Chairman – ANAROCK Property Consultants

The year 2018 was a veritable roller-coaster ride for Indian real estate. Despite signs of recovery across segments, the liquidity crunch – further exacerbated by the NBFC crisis – put all industry stakeholders on tenterhooks.

Consolidation via mergers and acquisitions was rife in all sectors, completely redefining the concept of ‘financial health’ among players and drawing clear lines on who will survive the heat. This process will continue throughout 2019, as well.

Despite all odds, economic indicators remained positive with India’s GDP growth rate pegged at 7.3% in 2018. CPI inflation, a major concern in the past, remained reined in at a manageable 4.8%.

GDP growth and contained inflation are generally considered panacea for most real estate woes. However, it took a lot more than that for real estate to retain even a semblance of an even keel in 2018.

 Anuj Puri, Chairman – ANAROCK Property Consultants

  • 4.25 lakh housing units ready-to-move-in in top & cities
  • Only 5% buyers will consider under-construction projects

RERA was supposed to save the day for homebuyers, but that doesn’t seem to have happened – at least not yet. In many states RERA, in its present form, is currently either non-existent or a pale shade of what it was intended to be. It is a fact that RERA has been diluted in some states to favour developers while in a few others it hasn’t even been deployed yet.

RERA’s primary area of focus is under-construction properties. After all, this is the area where buyers had been facing the most challenges on account of project delays, project plan deviations and various other issues.

As things stand now, states like Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have the benefit of operational RERA, but even in these states, the registration numbers are far from motivating.

While Maharashtra comes out on top with over 18,300 projects registered under it, other states where RERA has been implemented are lagging far behind.

  • 91% of Indian retail sales driven by brick-and-mortar stores, but smaller cities remain underserved

  • Good quality mall stock to increase by 10-15%; mediocre-to-weak stock to decline by 5-10%

While e-commerce and brick-and-mortar stores will continue to co-exist in India, e-commerce currently has a definite edge over physical retail in India’s tier II and tier III cities warns ANAROCK Retail’s report Rebirth of Retail Malls: New, Improved and Revitalized.

The report, which was released at the India Retail Forum (IRF) in Mumbai today, mentions that India’s tier-II / tier-III cities will also be key contributors to the country’s retail growth going forward. The organized retail market is growing at CAGR of 20-25%.

Anuj Kejriwal“Nearly 100 million people out of India’s 300-400 million-strong middle class currently live in tier-II and tier-III cities,” says Anuj Kejriwal, MD & CEO – ANAROCK Retail. “This indicates that a significant portion of Indian retailers’ target clientele lives in the non-metro cities. In cities such as Jaipur and Surat,

Anuj Puri, Chairman – ANAROCK Property Consultants

Coworking spaces have redefined the work culture globally and India is one of the most fertile grounds for the growth of this new work environment option.

From simple workplace with ungainly desks and chairs to much better-utilized spaces, automation and even added recreational facilities, office space structures in India have indeed changed a lot.

One of the offshoots of this evolutionary process is the rise of workplaces that can be easily accessed anytime and from anywhere – a plug-and-play concept of office spaces.

In short, coworking or shared office spaces.

Buoyed by the Central Government’s efforts to create a viable eco-system for young entrepreneurs, India is witnessing the mushrooming of multiple start-ups and SMEs across the country. Such businesses are increasingly focusing on co-working spaces.

  • These shared spaces are often in prime locations and provide a perfect platform for growth-seeking start-ups.
  • Moreover, they come at significantly lower costs than traditional office formats
  • They offer more flexibility greater flexibility to both employees and employers, and
  • They do not require a massive fixed capital investment.

Anuj Puri, Chairman – ANAROCK Property Consultants

In the past, the ROI on housing assets had been quite satisfactory and in some cases even spectacular, depending on the aptness of choice in terms of specific location, configuration, amenities and builder’s brand.

While rental yields for residential assets in India have historically been low, capital appreciation alone was a sufficiently dynamic prospect for most real estate investors.

However, the hype around residential property investment has fizzled out over the last 2-3 years, with a prolonged slowdown severely impacting capital appreciation. As of now, investors with the financial wherewithal and requisite understanding of the commercial real estate space find office assets far more attractive, and for good reason.

In the first place, office properties in the right location and project attract quality corporate tenants and can, therefore, yield very good rental returns over prolonged periods.

The average rental yield of a good commercial property falls in the range of 6%-10%, whereas the rental yield of a residential property is dismally low in the range of 1.5% – 3.5%. Simultaneously, capital appreciation can also be more than satisfactory for the right office assets.

Anuj Puri, Chairman – ANAROCK Property Consultants

Gurugram is home to around 1,500 start-ups and is the 4th largest start-up hub in India. As the city hosts the behemoths of the start-up industry, it makes sense to delve a little deeper into this fascinating new office space sector in Millennium City.

Emerging commercial office locations in Gurugram, as also in Bangalore, Navi Mumbai and Hyderabad, have benefited significantly from the Indian start-up euphoria. This trend is likely to continue for some time given the availability of large talent pool and availability of real estate spaces.

The start-up eco-system in India has been a key contributor to the rise in investments and job creation. Many start-ups that commenced operations in later part of the previous decade have already become medium-sized or large companies, particularly if we look at some of the popular e-commerce companies in India today.

From zero contribution to office space take-up, the e-commerce sector today contributes over 3% of the total office space absorption on an annual basis. We expect the growth in this sector to increase over time.

The government initiatives,