India Will Spend Over INR 37Tn a Year to Accommodate Population by 2030 – Report

New economic data in the report ‘A Blueprint for Modern Infrastructure Delivery’, authored by international construction and consultancy company, Mace, finds that by 2030 India will be spending US$500 billion (over 37 trillion) a year to accommodate its rapidly expanding population. Other large countries will also incur equally large infrastructure spends.

The report highlights that, since the global COVID-19 pandemic took hold at the start of 2020, infrastructure delivery and its role in society has changed dramatically in nature. For instance, at its peak, the COVID-19 pandemic caused a 73% drop in public transport use in India.

Gradually easing restrictions notwithstanding, networks around the world face longer-term strategic challenges. India is no exception.

According to the World Bank, the impact of lockdown measures and behavioural changes in response to COVID-19 caused the most severe global contraction since the Second World War. Economies around the world are hit hard by the impacts of the virus, and many governments have positioned infrastructure deployment as a core part of the remedy.

However, the need to improve delivery is stark. According to Mace’s data, up to 80% of large infrastructure schemes are delivered late and over budget, and then under-deliver on benefits. These challenges must be addressed so as not to undermine the global infrastructure-led economic recovery; evidence of change through successful delivery is essential to boosting public confidence in the months ahead.

By Q1 FY21 end, there were 1,698 Central projects under implementation across India – 469 mega projects (each costing INR 1000 crore and above) and 1,229 major projects (each costing >INR 150 crore but <INR 1000 crore). Of these, 414 projects are suffering from cost overruns of INR 4,33,762.29 crore – which is 66.71% of their sanctioned cost.

Recognising this global challenge, Mace interviewed nearly 40 senior executives to produce its breakthrough report explaining why projects and programmes across the globe are suffering in this way. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, Mace has included new data on both developed and developing countries and outlined its findings in the context of the virus. Among the main issues identified were:

  • Lack of clarity of outcome when deciding on which schemes to take forward. Often decisions are driven by political pressure rather than rigorous cost and benefit analysis.
  • The poor predictive abilities of project teams in their early stages, who are pressured into providing fixed point price estimates and programmes well before accurate predictions are possible or realistic.
  • Procurements based on ‘cheapest price’ rather than ‘value’ to fit within unrealistic initial budgets. On large and complex projects, ‘cheapest price’ procurement is a false economy.

To shift the balance, the report outlines ten key recommendations for how to put things right, including implementing independent scrutiny panels on big projects, shaking up the way the sector runs procurement, and spending more money upfront to properly examine, scope and plan the scheme.

Anuj Puri, Chairman for ANAROCK Group said: “Construction halt, labour shortage and revocation of toll collection were some of the major challenges India’s infrastructure sector has faced due to the COVID-19 lockdown since March. The government’s focus has shifted primarily towards building healthcare infrastructure to accommodate the pandemic’s fallout. Even now, after a staggered easing of lockdown rules over the last months, major infrastructure work across the country haven’t resumed usual pace.

“In India, there is a very real need to ensure timely implementation. Many of India’s infrastructure projects were already delayed even before the pandemic.”

Jason Millett, CEO for Consultancy at Mace, said: “Around the world, good infrastructure is vital for socioeconomic prosperity, both directly through investment and jobs, and indirectly through thing like improvements to transport connectivity and access to clean water. India is no different and, unfortunately, not all infrastructure projects are properly planned and delivered, resulting in delays, cost overruns and under-delivery against expected benefits.”

“The negative impact of this is significant, with our calculations showing that, in India, this could result in an additional cost of INR 10,820 billion by 2030. Globally, the cost could be as much as US$900 billion. This financial burden, combined with a perceived lack of delivery capability due to project delays and mismanagement, risks severely damaging public confidence in the sector; something we cannot afford when community buy-in is so critical to establishing and achieving positive outcomes.”

“With COVID-19 placing greater emphasis on the importance of infrastructure as an economic multiplier, it is more important than ever that we get this right. Our major projects and programmes must have clarity of direction and outcome-focused decision making to ensure they do not become a burden, but rather an enabler for post-pandemic growth”.  

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